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February 12, 2020

Landmark Legislation Would Help U.S. Break Free from Plastic Pollution

February 11, 2020


Bill tackles the most common forms of plastic pollution, saves taxpayers billions and holds large corporations accountable for waste


WASHINGTON, D.C. — Today, Congresswoman Nanette Diaz Barragán joined Senator Tom Udall (D-N.M.), Senator Jeff Merkley (D-Ore.), Congressman Alan Lowenthal (D-Calif.-47) and Congresswoman Katherine Clark (D-Mass.-5) to introduce the Break Free From Plastic Pollution Act of 2020, which would phase out unnecessary single-use plastic products, hold corporations accountable for wasteful products, reduce wasteful packaging, and reform our broken waste and recycling collection system.

Recent reports estimate that each person swallows a credit card’s worth of plastic per week. That’s because plastic is everywhere, and it doesn’t biodegrade. Plastic breaks down into micro-plastics that are found in rainwater on the peaks of the Rocky Mountains, in farmland soil that produces our food, and in our lakes, rivers, and seas.

Plastic production is also a major contributor to climate change, with its production expected to account for 20 percent of global oil consumption by 2050.

Meanwhile, 92 percent of U.S. plastic waste is never recycled.

By shifting the responsibility for recycling and cleanup to the companies that produce wasteful products, practical waste reduction and waste management policies can reverse this trend and put the United States on a path to break free from plastic pollution.

“Plastic contributes to so many environmental issues, from the climate crisis to polluted waterways to overflowing and leaking landfills.  The Break Free from Plastic Pollution Act is a comprehensive solution to reduce the amount of plastic that gets produced and ensure a greater percentage of plastic waste is recycled,” said Congresswoman Barragán, an original co-sponsor of the bill.

“After decades of treating our land, waterways, and oceans as plastic waste dumping grounds, we now face a global plastic pollution crisis,” Congressman Lowenthal said. “Recent scientific studies show that plastic waste particles are now found everywhere we look—in the soil, in the rainwater, in the food chain, and even inside our own bodies. Our legislation applies one of the core principles of environmental law: ‘the polluter pays.’ It is time for multi-billion-dollar companies to step up and cover the costs of cleaning up the waste from their products. As a major exporter of plastics waste, we also have a responsibility and a duty to address this problem. We are running out of time to deal with this crisis of our own creation, and this legislation is a bold first step on the path to implementing lasting solutions.”

“The plastic pollution crisis is past the tipping point: our communities, our waterways, and even our bodies are at risk,” Senator Udall said. “We are already bearing the cleanup costs of mountains of plastic waste, and it will only get worse for future generations. We have a responsibility to act now before the overwhelming public health, environmental, climate and societal effects of plastic pollution reach the point of no return. Our solutions are not only possible—they are practical and are already being implemented in cities and states across the country, including in my home state of New Mexico. But we need a comprehensive, national strategy to tackle this tidal wave of pollution before it is too late. We must drive the innovation necessary to break free from this unnecessary, toxic waste stream that also accelerates the destruction of our planet via climate change. This bill calls on all of us, from companies to communities, to address this crisis head-on so that we can create a plastic pollution free world.”

“The American people understand the threat of climate change,” Congresswoman Clark said. “Today we are meeting their call for action with a comprehensive solution to one of the leading contributors of carbon dioxide production: plastics. This bill will rein in waste, improve recycling, decrease harmful emissions, and ensure plastics don’t continue to wind up in our oceans. We are presenting a bold plan for immediate action because our future depends on it.”

“Nobody wants their children ingesting dangerous chemicals and microscopic plastics,” Senator Merkley said. “Nobody wants to go to the beach and see mountains of single-use plastic waste.  And plastic production is a major drive of pollution accelerating the climate crisis.  An America innovative enough to create a million uses for plastic is innovative enough to create better alternatives if we create the right incentives.  Our kids’ health and futures depend on America solving this problem.”

The House legislation is cosponsored by Nanette Diaz Barragán (CA-44), Ed Case (HI-1), Stephen Cohen (TN-9), Gerald Connolly (VA-11), Eliot L. Engel (NY-16), Debra Haaland (NM-1), Alcee L. Hastings (FL-20), Jared Huffman (CA-2), Pramila Jayapal (WA-7), Rohit Khanna (CA-17), Barbara Lee (CA-13), Mike Levin (CA-49), Ted Lieu (CA-33), Betty McCollum (MN-4), Seth Moulton (MA-6), Eleanor Holmes Norton (DC-1), Jimmy Panetta (CA-20), Chellie Pingree (ME-1), Michael Quigley (IL-5), Jamin Raskin (MD-8), Harley Rouda (CA-48), John Sarbanes (MD-3),  Janice Schakowsky (IL-9), Thomas Suozzi (NY-3), Rashida Tlaib (MI-13), Nydia M. Velazquez (NY-7), Maxine Waters (CA-43), and Peter Welch (VT-1).

The Senate legislation is cosponsored by U.S. Senators Cory Booker (D-N.J.), Ron Wyden (D-Ore.), Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.), Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.) and Kamala Harris (D-Calif.).

The legislation joins initiatives from a number of countries around the world to reduce plastic pollution, such as policies from the 28 member countries of the European Union, Canada, India and China.

The full text of the bill can be found HERE. A summary and extensive background materials can be found HERE.

The Break Free from Plastic Pollution Act will provide badly-needed national leadership, reduce the amount of wasteful plastic, and reform our broken waste and recycling collection system. It will shift the burden of cleanup to the corporations that produce this waste.  It will:

  • Require big corporations take responsibility for their pollution, requiring producers of plastic products to design, manage, and finance waste and recycling programs.
  • Spur innovation, incentivizing big corporations to make reusable products and items that can actually be recycled.
  • Create a nationwide beverage container refund program, which is successful at the state level.
  • Reduce and ban certain single-use plastic products that are not recyclable.
  • Establish minimum recycled content requirements for beverage containers, packaging, and food-service products, while standardizing recycling and composting labeling.
  • Spur massive investments in U.S. domestic recycling and composting infrastructure, while pressing pause on new plastic facilities until critical environment and health protections are put in place.


This legislation also encourages producers to design less wasteful products by ensuring they are responsible for cleanup costs and recycling infrastructure.

The bill will also end the hazardous practice of exporting plastic waste overseas to developing countries that do not have the infrastructure in place to manage that waste, preventing harmful impacts to those countries and unnecessary leakage of plastic waste into rivers and waterways that feed our oceans.




Nanette Diaz Barragán is proud to represent California’s 44th Congressional District, which includes the communities of Carson, Compton, Florence-Firestone, Lynwood, North Long Beach, Rancho Dominguez, San Pedro, South Gate, Walnut Park, Watts, Willowbrook and Wilmington.